(Man) we will have the communications… thanks to the marabou


Planta de energía Power plant (Photo by the author)

CLEAR VILLA, CUBA. – On October 21, the Cubadebate website finally announced the construction of a plant capable of generating 60 MW of electricity per day with biomass, after years of inferring from the bombastic discourse on renewable sources of energy, which was agreed through German, Chinese and Dutch subcontractors who would arrive immediately through the port of Mariel bringing it with them.

Speech to Prensa Latina by Mr. Armando Urquiola, logistics and commercial manager of the construction company called BioPower SA -mixture in pro-anglophone jargon of insular neocapitalism- showed that “the processing plant is being built in the Ciro Redondo agro-industrial complex” and that “it will be ready by mid 2019”. He added that, in just five years, “the combined will be able to deliver the required 500 tons of biomass per day”.

For this purpose, a certain number of “unmarabuzadoras” machines were introduced experimentally in the Cañero Ignacio Agramonte Complex, for a pilot test.

As it seems that the results were satisfactory and the teams “leave the land smooth and ready to be replanted with edible varieties”, they then undertook the assembly phase.

Oriel Ramón Capdevila, is one of the chauffeurs of one of the dredges that have passed through here on their way to Ciego de Ávila in successive caravans, loading on their 28 wheels these huge devices that preceded repairers of the damaged road network in this northern circuit, which were levelled with the imminent arrival of the heavy blocks, and obtained that parts and pieces of an incinerator never before armed in Cuba – fruit of the aid offered by the European Community through its development programs lifted and sanctions – arrived unscathed at its unloading terminal, because so much foreign generosity will illuminate us in times of oil insecurity.

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]]>Truck that moves the plant (Photo by the author)Transfer of the plant (Photo by the author)Transfer of the plant (Photo by the author)Transfer of the plant (Photo by the author)

But it is curious that the managers accompanying the bulky entourage did it mounted on cars of the state monopoly ETECSA, and not just watching over the cables of their company.

To one of our questions, the workers replied that “the plant is going to produce current fundamentally so that communications do not fall under blackouts or with anything. Because even though there is hardly any bagasse, we have millions of marabou”.

Another driver tells us how they have faced countless setbacks from the place of origin to the final destination, because the dimensions of the load have damaged trees and constructions of any nature.

It was also decided “by the superior instance” that this circuit should be used and not the central road or other ways to access the intermediary province of Santi Spíritus, since the branches zigzag and with the few guarantees given by the scarce maintenance carried out, they could not support the weight or the stability of the heavy load.

As can be seen in snapshots, the street previously destroyed by where the armatoste entered this residential neighborhood constituted a new challenge for the conductors, since the broken water pipes under the ground and the height of the electric cables offered unexpected resistance along with unexpected delays.

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]]>Transfer of the plant (Photo by the author)Transfer of the plant (Photo by the author)Transfer of the plant (Photo by the author)Transfer of the plant (Photo by the author)Transfer of the plant (Photo by the author)

Asked about the hours invested in this province and the final goal that crosses five others, Oriel confessed that in the first journey had invested “more than two days, but this time the thing looks worse, because we have delays and expect more.

The multinational settled in the Havana port, signed collateral contracts with the monopoly of telephony and communications of Cuba in 2017, but it was last year that the location by the Electrical Union together with the Ministry of Agriculture in that Camagüeyan province, the ideal place for its implementation, thanks to the fields of aromals – once fertile land for cattle, citrus, farming and sugar cane – that have been mortally disabled by the parasitical invader.

Other destiny that the country has given to such a creeper -busy, thorny and African, of the leguminous family of the Mimoseae tribe and that in Cuba constitutes an implacable plague and receives this common name for being derogatory – is to convert it into coal that reaches 500 dollars a ton in the market.

Charcoal has been used for centuries as a cooking fuel, now coveted in braziers, stoves/anafres and barbecues. One of the consequences of its manufacture is unstoppable deforestation, as well as irreversible damage to ecosystems.

Coal and its combustion, on the other hand, cause environmental disruption and also have negative consequences for human health. Carbon monoxide (CO), which is released is a toxic gas if kept indoors, hence the importance of ventilating the interior.

Luckily, in Cuba there are no more poorly paid charcoal burners, like Nemesia, which was the last flower.

Producer Miguel Mendoza dies, National Film Award 2019

CUba travel

EFE: Miguel Mendoza, the producer of classic Cuban films such as Memories of Underdevelopment, died on Sunday at 88 years of age in Havana, a few days after being recognized with the National Film Award 2019 for considering him a benchmark in his specialty.

Mendoza was one of the founders of the Cuban Institute of Art and Cinematographic Industry (ICAIC), where he held different positions until he reached the position of director of production of important films, a note from that state body stands out this Monday.

ICAIC also pointed out that at the age of 21 this important filmmaker took over the production of Soy Cuba, a Cuban-Soviet film premiered in 1964 by director Mikhail Kalatozov.

In reviewing his work, he recalls that from 1960 to 2004 the producer participated in the production of more than 45 feature and medium-length fiction films and some 20 commercials and video clips.

In addition to the production of director Tomás Gutiérrez Alea’s films (Memories of Underdevelopment and Strawberry and Chocolate), which produced other films relevant to Cuban cinematography such as Manuela, La primera carga al machete, Los días del agua and Mujer transparente.

The ICAIC also highlighted that at the age of 21 this important filmmaker assumed the production of Soy Cuba, a Cuban-Soviet film premiered in 1964 by the director Mikhail Kalatózov.

He produced films such as Jacques Besnard’s Avanti (France), Alain Nahum’s Sharks in Havana, Jean Sagols’ Blue Indigo, both co-productions Cuba-France, Matusalem II and The Law of Silence (Canada) and Estorbo (Cuba-Brazil), a feature film by Ruy Guerra.

To this he added the production of serials for television and the courses and seminars of theory and technique for the production of audiovisuals that he taught as a teacher.

Mendoza’s death occurred when he was scheduled to receive in an official ceremony – next Friday, March 22 – the National Film Prize in the central ceremony for the 60th anniversary of the ICAIC.

The award was given to the producer shared with sound recorder Jerónimo Labrada and director of photography Livio Delgado, both with an outstanding trajectory within Cuban cinematography.

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The 14ymedio team is committed to serious journalism that reflects the reality of deep Cuba. Thank you for joining us on this long road. We invite you to continue supporting us, but this time by becoming a member of 14ymedio. Together we can continue to transform journalism in Cuba.

The risks of parliamentarism


Unanimity” is a distinctive feature of the so-called Cuban parliament (Photo archive)

HAVANA, Cuba – The new constitution, with the single party and the irrevocability of socialism and all rights conditioned to “the ends of socialist society,” seeks the perpetuity of post-fidel Castroism. In order to do this, he lays down all the roads with mines that could eventually lead to a transition to democracy.

The strange and capricious hybrid between the presidential system and the parliamentary system, in force in Cuba since 1976, is now replaced by the mandamases by a model more similar to the parliamentary model.

They have everything planned for tomorrow if the water reaches their necks, and are forced to make changes, not lose the power. Parliamentarism in its own way, under its own rules, with its own conditions, would be one way of achieving it.

I’ll explain myself, and for that I’ll make some assumptions in the future.

In order to avoid rebellion and being kicked out by the people in the face of an aggravation of the economic crisis to unsustainable extremes, rather than unleashing a bloody repression that provokes international repudiation and perhaps even U.S. intervention, some elements within the government and the Communist Party that emerged after the death of the elders of the so-called “historic leadership” could decide to initiate reforms, not only economic, but also political, but at their own pace.

Suppose that to cover the form they make a mimic of democracy, legalize some political parties and several of their members become elected deputies of the National Assembly.

You will find a parliament dominated by the communists, who may not be called that by then because they must have changed the name of the PCC, they will be the majority and they will control everything.

The new pro-democracy deputies will drag into parliament the quarrels and disagreements of when they were opponents, while the communists, given nothing to pluralism, formed in the most iron obedience, and by survival instinct, will maintain cohesion.

But let’s go even further on the suppositions, and imagine that time has passed, the situation is out of their hands and, through constitutional amendment, they have to allow a non-communist or coalition government to win in an election.

That government would have to deal with a parliament made up mostly of communists, which would no longer be the unanimous and applauding sanhedrin of trained seals that it is now, but a pot of crickets. And many of the crickets, obstructionists and saboteurs conscientiously.

As passionate as we Cubans are, and as intolerant as we have become that we can no longer argue in peace, not even by ballot, I do not doubt that the Members, in the event of a great disagreement, will insult each other in a very nice way and fall into the Chamber. All in all, if it has happened in some European parliaments…

Political parties are supposed to be stronger in parliamentary systems, but sometimes, to be a majority, they have to resort to coalitions with other parties, even if their programmes do not coincide with their own. It could happen, for example, that social democrats and centrists would have to seek alliance with communists in some kind of concertation.

It is to be expected that after 60 years of communist dictatorship people will instinctively reject anything that smells of the left, even the democratic left. But then, as a result of that same circumstance, they will come up against an extreme right that will shock them because it is too conservative and traditionalist on issues such as social spending, the family, customs, religion and churches, the rights of women and homosexuals, and so on. Consequently, in search of more liberal policies, many would vote for the democratic left, even though it is in coalition with the communists. These, by then, will have lowered the voltage of their rhetoric and will have tempered themselves, seeking the forgetfulness of their sins, to see if they can cajole. From there to the reconquest of power goes only one step. And then, we know what’s coming…

That is why, for a democracy to function properly, especially if it is parliamentary, it is important to avoid excesses of ideology, politicking and moralistic fundamentalisms, and for there to be both a coherent and pragmatic right and a democratic, sensible, responsible left that does not allow itself to be co-opted by the Communists.

I know that I am too far ahead in my political futurology lucubrations, which may seem nonsensical to some, but it is a good thing that all of us who aspire to live in a democracy are thinking about all this from now on.

luicino2012@gmail.com

Havana World Music celebrates its final edition with artists from three continents

CUba travel

Artists from Cuba and other countries of the American continent, Europe and even a South Korean band will perform this week at Havana World Music, the largest alternative music festival on the island, which in 2019 celebrates its sixth edition, which will also be the last according to its organizers.

A total of 24 musical groups will occupy the two stages of the Salón Rosado De La Tropical, emblematic cultural space of Havana, on Thursday 21, Friday 22 and Saturday 23, said the director of the musical event, singer Eme Alfonso, who will perform on the second day.

American band Ozomatli, a Los Angeles band that has accumulated seven studio albums in its career since the 1990s, and known for fusing styles such as Latin salsa and urban rhythms such as hip-hop, jazz and funk, will close Friday’s line-up.

On Thursday, singer Cimafunk, considered the musical phenomenon of 2018 in Cuba and included by Billboard magazine among the ten Latin artists to follow this year for his catchy mix of Cuban rhythms with funk, will take to the stage.

On Thursday, singer Cimafunk, considered the musical phenomenon of 2018 in Cuba, will take to the stage.

Also noteworthy is the presence of Korean Men, a band of seven musicians from South Korea that fuses traditional Korean rhythms with jazz.

Other prominent names include Spanish flamenco singer and guitarist Diego Guerrero, Canadian rappers Nomadic Massive, the Berlin-based eclectic iLBiLLY HiTEC collective, and the Brazilian group Mental Abstrato, which mixes Latin jazz with bossa nova, soul, groove and hip-hop.

The organizer announced at the press conference that this sixth edition will be the last of Havana World Music, which in previous years has attracted thousands of visitors, especially in the 2018 edition, which meant the return of the famous Cuban group Orishas to the stages of his country after nine years of absence.

Parallel to the concerts, the programme also includes spaces dedicated to body art, graffiti and various manifestations of dance.

Today also began the advance sale of tickets at a price of between 20 and 25 CUC (17-22 euros) per day or 50 CUC the three day voucher for foreigners, while Cubans and residents can buy them in local currency (CUP) at a price approximately 25 times lower.

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The 14ymedio team is committed to serious journalism that reflects the reality of deep Cuba. Thank you for joining us on this long road. We invite you to continue supporting us, but this time by becoming a member of 14ymedio. Together we can continue to transform journalism in Cuba.

Initiative seeks to raise funds for the health of Cuban actor Orlando Casín

Orlando Casín. Foto captura de pantalla

MIAMI, United States – The health of the renowned Cuban actor Orlando Casin is delicate, so some friends actors have launched on the social network Facebook an initiative to raise funds that will contribute to his recovery, because the treatment he requires will prevent him from working.

The note on Facebook invites anyone who wants to make a donation, which is not a specific amount, but what each can offer, in order to cover the personal and medical expenses of the actor while receiving treatment.

Casin is one of the most prolific Cuban actors. On the island he worked in radio, television, cinema and theatre, in addition to being a teacher and theatre director until 1991, when he saw the opportunity to leave the island and settle down and work in Venezuela. “Every day I am more and more an enemy of the Cuban government, of that system,” he once said in an interview.

He worked in the South American country until 1997, in the Venevisión channel, when he decided to move to Miami, the city where he currently lives.

New Zealand government agrees to reform gun law after attack

CUba travel

EFE: The Government of New Zealand agreed on Monday to initiate a reform of the weapons law after the attack in Chirstchurch that caused 50 deaths and 50 injuries, and to create a commission to evaluate the previous action of the authorities.

The prime minister of the oceanic country, Jacinda Ardern, assured that her cabinet is “completely united” with respect to the legal reform agreed “in principle” and whose content will be announced within 10 days after Friday’s attacks on two mosques.

“There are many New Zealanders who question the availability of semi-automatic weapons,” Ardern said at a press conference, avoiding specifying whether the reform will include, as he was expected to announce, a ban on these types of weapons used in the attack.

“There are details to look at. It’s not just about certain points of the law. It’s just because of this that we’ll take some time, so that it goes well.”

“There are details to look at. It’s not just about certain points of the law. It is simply for this reason that we will take some time, so that it goes well,” he added in justifying the delay.

Ardern stressed that Friday’s attacks “revealed a number of weaknesses in his country’s gun law” and that the entire executive agrees on the need for change, including his coalition partner, NZ First, which had previously opposed it.

The party leader and deputy prime minister, Wintson Peters, confirmed it at the same press conference, where he said that after Friday’s events “our world changed forever and so will our laws.

The New Zealand Prime Minister added that the reform will not target gun owners, especially in rural areas, but encouraged those who have guns at home to turn them in to the police.

“If anyone has a gun and is concerned about Friday’s events, we invite you to turn it over to the police, and I encourage you to do so.”

“If someone has a gun and is concerned about Friday’s events, we invite them to turn it over to the police and I encourage them to do so,” he said.

Ardern added that a commission will review the series of events that preceded the attack, including the travels and activities in New Zealand of the attacker, Australian Brenton Tarrant, and the actions of several state security and intelligence agencies.

Among others, the Prime Minister said that “patterns of behavior” will be analyzed that usually precede this type of incidents, including possible so-called effects, so that, she said, the level of “high” alert will be maintained.

At the hearing, Jacinda Ardern also called on those responsible for all social networks to take measures to prevent incitement to hatred and violence, after Tarrant broadcast the attack on the first mosque live on Facebook.

Ardern said that Facebook and Instagram continue to remove images of the attack – after 24 hours after it removed 1.5 million videos from the network – but considered that these platforms can do more.

A judge today charged a teenager with two counts of distributing images of the temptation

“I would call on social networking platforms to demonstrate a sense of responsibility. There is a lot of work that needs to be done,” he insisted.

In this regard, a judge today charged a teenager with two counts of distributing the images. The 18-year-old was also charged with publishing miscellaneous material the week before the attack, including images of the mosque with the words “target identified” and messages encouraging violence.

The Christchurch court judge, who is keeping the case secret, accepted his request to keep his name anonymous but refused his request for bail.

The Prime Minister announced that the New Zealand Government had also agreed to hold a nationwide event in memory of the victims, the date of which will be announced later this week to allow families to mourn.

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The 14ymedio team is committed to serious journalism that reflects the reality of deep Cuba. Thank you for joining us on this long road. We invite you to continue supporting us, but this time by becoming a member of 14ymedio. Together we can continue to transform journalism in Cuba.

The truth of the sons of Diosdado Cabello

CUba travel

HAVANA, Cuba – In these days in which Telesur, spokesperson for the most rancid and desperate castrochavism, keeps repeating insistently the last death song perpetrated by Raúl Torres, Tambores de la Guerra, and other accusations against the United States in every possible way, it would be impossible for any of his programs, or Cuban television, his alma mater, to transmit the testimony of the son of Diosdado Cabello who has appeared on the Internet.

It’s quite a revelation. The most vehement statement. We could say that the very essence of what the Bolivarian revolution is today. Moreover, we can say that it is the summum of what that left symbolizes in the power that goes from Fidel Castro to Nicolás Maduro.

The naked truth. Because without a doubt, children can end up embodying the deepest and most real nature of ourselves, of what we pretend and of what we are. We can say many words, but our children also have acts and turn out to be our true acts themselves.

In a short video uploaded to cyberspace, Cabello’s son, heavily intoxicated with whisky, meat and other wonders, in an atmosphere seasoned with musical sauce in the background, with light, celebrating in the fun company of his peers, mocks those who are not lucky enough to be children of the strong man of the mature dictatorship.

“Maricón,” says the young man to the anonymous Venezuelan who may be looking at him, “yes, there is light. What happens is that you have to buy a power plant so that you have light in the house. And he proudly shows, believing himself an enlightened one, his privileges, what he eats, what he drinks: a litre of Old Parr 12 years old.

“Rata,” he says to that anonymous Venezuelan Internet user, so unlikely because of the lack of electricity and because he may be looking for leftovers in the trash: “Did you see how we are here eating grill and waiting for you, but you haven’t come? Look, go, rat, rat…” There is no more revealing spectacle.

Of course, one has to imagine the look on his father’s face when he saw his boy’s insolent revelation. “What do I do now? Your tongue is gone with all the “parakeet” and the whiskey you got?” perhaps the angry father will tell him. But perhaps you don’t even care: after all, your son only copies the criminal cynicism.

“Horrors will be seen,” it is said of the darkest hours, of the most frightening moments of decadence. Apocalyptic horrors. Horrible images and words like these, which say more than a thousand lying speeches by Nicolás Maduro or Delcy Rodríguez, will be seen and heard.

In Cuba we have had a similar experience every time the photos are spread about the obscene luxuries that the descendants of the Castro family have all over the world. These guys aren’t as honest as junior hair. They’re fewer languages. But they are living in the same way thanks to the joint work of their parents and thanks to the Venezuelans and the Cubans they vampirize.

“They have to buy themselves striped pajamas for when they get caught, departure from HPs”, advised a social network user to the party-goers “sons of dad”, referring to the day when the “brave people” can do justice. The insults, of course, rained down on the healthy celebrants.

We have to remember that, when the whirlwind of blood and violence of the French Revolution was about to be released, there was a rumour – because many historians and biographers deny that she actually uttered those words – that Marie Antoinette, faced with the people’s protests about the shortage of flour for bread, said: “Let them eat cakes”.

We already know how, in the end, whether the offensive phrase was true or false, the head of the legendary queen, of King Louis XVI and of so many others who enraged their people in an ostentatious and unfair manner, among other things, and paid dearly for it, rolled into the guillotine.

Today, in Venezuela, the real rats are already running, and Cabello junior, in his revelry, doesn’t realize it. I hope his head doesn’t fall, but all that great family of our America.

Nicaraguan Police Announce Arrest and Release of 107 Demonstrators

CUba travel

EFE: The Nicaraguan police said they arrested 107 people on Saturday who tried to participate in a demonstration for the release of hundreds of “political prisoners” and set them free during the night. The demonstrators had been summoned by the opposition Blue and White National Unity to march through a central area of Managua, but before meeting they were violently attacked and captured by police forces, who banned protest among critics for not respecting the Nicaraguan Constitution. “The National Police fulfilled its constitutional function of safeguarding the security and rights of citizens, and was obliged to capture 107 people, who were transferred to the Directorate of Judicial Assistance,” the institution said in a statement. According to the authorities, the demonstrators “violated public order. The police version was denied by witnesses, local humanitarian organizations, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), the U.S. Embassy in Nicaragua, opposition movements and journalists who covered the events, as well as by videos and photographs posted by Nicaraguans on social networks. In the vicinity of a banking complex, agents from the Directorate of Special Operations (DOE), an elite police force, beat and stripped a photojournalist from the AFP news agency of his equipment, and took a woman who was standing next to journalists raising the Nicaraguan flag.

Agents of the Special Operations Directorate, an elite police force, beat and stripped a photojournalist from the AFP news agency of his equipment.

Several videos show how the police break into a private shopping mall next to a hotel and attack people who walk without haste until they are beaten by officers. Among those captured were former Education Minister Humberto Belli, former Sandinista guerrillas Mónica Baltodano and Moisés Hassan, members of the negotiating table with the government Azahalea Solís and Max Jerez, opposition leader Ana Margarita Vigil, activist Sandra Ramos, veteran journalist Marlen Chow and a minor, the Unit detailed.

Several videos show how the police break into a private shopping mall next to a hotel and attack people who walk without haste until they are beaten by officers.

The events took place in the context of a crisis that in 11 months has left 325 dead, according to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), although some local humanitarian groups raise the figure to 561, while Ortega only acknowledges 199 and denounces an attempted coup d’état. The Nicaraguan government is negotiating with the opposition Civic Alliance for Justice and Democracy to overcome the crisis, but it has complained that the government delegation avoids addressing the central issues while Ortega fails to create the conditions to seek a solution. At least 762 people remain under some form of prison regime in Nicaragua after participating in anti-government protests, according to the Committee for the Liberation of Political Prisoners. The IACHR has insisted that Ortega’s government has committed crimes “against humanity,” while the application of the Inter-American Democratic Charter (IDC) is in process at the Organization of American States (OAS), which could culminate in the suspension of the Central American country from the continental body.

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The 14ymedio team is committed to serious journalism that reflects the reality of deep Cuba. Thank you for joining us on this long road. We invite you to continue supporting us, but this time by becoming a member of 14ymedio. Together we can continue to transform journalism in Cuba.

Tons of gold extracted from Venezuela appear in Uganda


Nicolás Maduro y Tareck El AissamiNicolás Maduro and Tareck El Aissami (Photo Internet)

MIAMI, United States. – The deputy of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Angel Alvarado, said that almost all of the eight tons of gold extracted last month from the Central Bank of Venezuela (BVC) are in Uganda, reported media outlets of the oil country.

According to the deputy, of the eight tons taken out of Venezuela in February by the dictatorship of Nicolas Maduro, 7.4 are already in Uganda, although, at this moment, the cargo is being held for being part of a smuggling operation that was denounced by the police of that nation last week.

“We remind Uganda that this gold was illegally taken from Venezuela and that the BCV is being usurped,” denounced Alvarado.

For its part, the government of the African country announced an investigation to find out how the 7.4 tons of gold entered the country,

The Spanish newspaper “El País” reports that the investigations are now focused on the recent imports that have arrived at the African Gold Refinery (AGR), the country’s largest gold refinery, valued at 300 million dollars.

Reports from the information services indicate that AGR received a shipment of 3.8 tonnes on 2 March and another of 3.6 tonnes two days later, without either shipment having been inspected at official customs entry points.

Three days after the arrival of the shipments, the police entered the AGR offices and found the 3.6-ton lot, but the first shipment had disappeared.

“We are very interested in being told where the 3.8 tons of gold are,” said the Ugandan police spokesman. According to the state newspaper New Vision the gold came from Venezuela.

However, despite the evidence against it, AGR has denied any involvement in gold smuggling.

Three days after the arrival of the shipments, the police entered the AGR offices and found the 3.6-ton lot, but the first shipment had disappeared. “We are very interested in being told where the 3.8 tons of gold are,” said the Ugandan police spokesman. According to the state newspaper New Vision the gold came from Venezuela.

“AGR’s transactions are legal and the documentation is 1,000% legitimate,” he told the company to Reuters.

U.S. evaluates restricting Visa and Mastercard transactions in Venezuela

CUba travel

The U.S. government is evaluating the possibility of imposing sanctions that would prevent U.S. companies Visa and Mastercard from processing credit card payments in Venezuela, a senior government official who asked for anonymity said.

That action, which is still being studied, would represent one more step in the U.S. economic pressure campaign against Venezuelan ruler Nicolás Maduro.

According to the official, the U.S. has concluded that it has legal authority to restrict transactions in Venezuela with Visa and Mastercard because both companies are based in the U.S. Visa is based in Foster City (California), while Mastercard is located in New York.

In Cuba, the use of Visa and Mastercard cards is restricted due to the U.S. economic embargo and, in fact, they generally only work on the Island if they have been issued by banks outside U.S. territory.

The U.S. has concluded that it has legal authority to restrict Visa and Mastercard transactions in Venezuela because both companies are based in the U.S.

Donald Trump’s government has increased its economic pressure on Maduro in recent weeks with the aim of forcing him out of power and allowing a “transition” led by opposition leader Juan Guaidó, interim president since January 23, supported by 54 countries.

The U.S. was the first country in the world to recognize Guaidó as president and, since then, has taken various actions to pressure Maduro, including the withdrawal of visas for Venezuelan officials and sanctions against Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), the main source of foreign exchange for the state coffers.

This week, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo met in Washington with his Indian counterpart, Vijay Gokhale, and asked him not to become Maduro’s “economic lifeline” and reduce his purchase of Venezuelan crude oil, which amounts to 300,000 barrels a day.

In addition, the U.S. on Monday sanctioned the Russian bank Evrofinance Mosnarbank for helping the Venezuelan government evade the economic sanctions imposed against Caracas.

Washington also sent a formal notice to all international banks this month to warn them that they will be sanctioned if they finance Maduro.

Another option that the U.S. is evaluating is the imposition of secondary sanctions on those companies that negotiate with Maduro-controlled companies, as Washington did in the case of foreign companies buying oil from Iran.

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The 14ymedio team is committed to serious journalism that reflects the reality of deep Cuba. Thank you for joining us on this long road. We invite you to continue supporting us, but this time by becoming a member of 14ymedio. Together we can continue to transform journalism in Cuba.