Cuba again denies acoustic attacks against U.S. and Canadian diplomats

Cuba again denies acoustic attacks against U.S. and Canadian diplomats

The specialists argue that it could not be feasible to have directed sonic, acoustic or microwave attacks against those affected.

Cuba today revealed the content of its own investigations. They investigated into the health incidents for which dozens of U.S. and Canadian diplomats and officials left Havana. Then, once again rejected any acoustic attack.

Finally, Cuban experts concluded that “there is no evidence attached to the science that justifies the term attack,” said the U.S. director of the Cuban Foreign Ministry, Carlos Fernández de Cossío.

Up to 26 U.S. and 14 Canadian officials and diplomats stationed in Havana, have presented different symptoms such as:

  • Brain lesions.
  • Dizziness.
  • Headaches.
  • Lack of concentration.

Symptoms for reasons that are still unknown.

For this reason, both embassies have reduced their personnel to a minimum. Also, some US authorities have described these incidents as acoustic “attacks”, which have caused strong tensions.

The true reasons

At today’s press conference in Havana, a group of Cuban specialists revealing for the first time the content of their research carried out in parallel to that carried out in the United States.

Supported by their own data, the Cuban specialists argued that it could not have been feasible to have directed sonic, acoustic or microwave attacks. They afirm that the symptoms they present would not correspond to that alleged cause either.

In addition, they minimized the importance of the disorders suffered by U.S. and Canadian officials by considering that they could largely be due to pre-existing conditions. For example, psychological causes such as the “influence of social networks, government, physicians, and the media,” according to their report.

Then, they accused the United States of not having cooperated enough in the investigation. On the other hand, with Canada the collaboration is more fluid although without tangible results at the moment.

For his part, Fernández de Cossío directly accused Donald Trump’s government of “manipulating” the information and issuing “unfounded accusations” to blame Havana for the alleged attacks.

As a result, the head of relations with the United States reiterated that Cuba “guarantees the security of all diplomatic missions and their personnel”. Also, he reiterated its willingness to cooperate in discovering the origin of the mysterious incidents. It continues to be an unknown.

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Cuban lawyers denounce a link between ETECSA and State Security

The lawyers criticize the breaches of contract and constitutional faults in which ETECSA incurs when it interrupts the service of its clients by orders of the political police.

According to the news, several Cuban jurists rejected the continuous interventions of the Cuban Telecommunications Company (ETECSA) in the privacy of the island’s users.

On this occasion, the lawyers have denounced the flagrant violations of contract and constitutional faults. It is incurred by the state monopoly when it interrupts the service of its clients by orders of the State Security.

“As they usually do, they cut my phone and my wife’s, and when I went to complain to ETECSA, the person in the office put my number on the computer and the phone miraculously resurrected,” lawyer and independent journalist Alberto Méndez Castelló told Radio Martí.

The law

In this sense, the jurist points out that it is the current Constitution itself (1976) that, in its article 57, defends the right to communication.

Likewise, Méndez Castelló also points out that article 289 of the Cuban Penal Code penalizes this procedure.

“Anyone who, without being authorized, opens a letter, telegram, dispatch or any correspondence belonging to another is punished with a deprivation of liberty of three months to one year or a fine of one hundred to three hundred quotas”, the aforementioned article states, adding that if the crime is committed by a public official or employee, with abuse of office, the sanction is deprivation of liberty of six months to two years or a fine of two hundred to five hundred quotas.

“No state has the right to penetrate, to know – if not by a court order, and duly substantiated – communications, because they are part of people’s private lives,” explained also lawyer and independent journalist Roberto Jesús Quiñones Haces.

ETECSA’s repeated failure to respect users’ privacy and guarantee the quality of services has also been denounced by the Cuban Human Rights Observatory, based in Madrid.

For this reason, the organization requested the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Privacy, Joseph Cannataci, to intervene on “illegal actions that violate the right to privacy and inviolability of communications” in Cuba.

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An “anti-revolutionary” party for Cuba and Venezuela

The Anti-Revolutionary Party was an Orthodox Protestant political party founded in Holland in 1879 by Abraham Kuyper, a Protestant pastor and theologian. The Anti-Revolutionary Party was solidly opposed to the “liberté, égalité and fraternité” ideals of the French Revolution. Instead of freedom, equality and fraternity, the Anti-Revolutionary Party favored divine providence, hierarchy and “pillarization” (vertical segregation of society into “pillars” or columns). As I do not like revolutions, I mention the Anti-Revolutionary Party in this article only so that the reader will know that I did not invent the name.

In political science, a revolution is defined as a fundamental and abrupt change in political power, which typically occurs when a population rebels against the government because of perceived political, social or economic oppression. But in mechanical revolution means practically the opposite. It is defined as returning to the starting point, rotation in a central axis that returns to where the movement began. Or, as Cubans and Venezuelans have discovered, revolution often means circling to nowhere.

So a fundamental question for a new generation of opposition leaders is how to point out a route of change in their countries that does not return to the starting point of revolutions. That is, how to constitute and install a representative government based on popular sovereignty and the will of the majority. This is a challenge, given that the recent history of Cuba and Venezuela does not provide much vision and direction for the future. It is a history of a muted and static political culture that only teaches what systems of government do not work.

Consider the implications for Cuba and Venezuela of an example cited by historian Susan Dunn in her excellent book “Sister Revolutions. At the end of the French Revolution, the term “republic” became a discredited idea in France. “In a plebiscite in 1799 the people of France voted for the constitution guaranteeing Napoleon’s autocracy. The result was 3,011,007 times 1,562.” In other words, they voted overwhelmingly in favour of a dictatorship.

The French wanted then the stability that Napoleon offered. France wouldn’t know a republican government for the next 72 years. The vote for a “strong man” took place after only ten years of the French Revolution. When I write, the Venezuelan and Cuban revolutions are twenty and sixty years old respectively. Who remembers today in Cuba what a representative government implies?

In totalitarian and authoritarian states such as Cuba and Venezuela the absence of a vigorous, competitive and inclusive political culture means that society lacks political vision. Any existing political conception will be of the wrong kind.

Alexis de Tocqueville, commenting on the French Revolution, pointed out that the absence of political freedoms had made the world of political affairs not only strange, but invisible to the French. His recipe for successful change demanded intense political vision and practical experience in representative political institutions. But in 18th century France there was no practical experience in representative governments, as there is currently no such experience in Cuba or Venezuela. For Tocqueville, it was impossible for the France of his time to produce leaders capable of establishing a virtuous democracy. Is this the current situation of Cuba and Venezuela?

Thomas Jefferson was also not impressed by France’s aptitude for serious political culture. In a letter to Abigail Adams, he wrote that “all one can do for the French is pray that heaven will send them good kings” (Dunn). Somehow, Cuba and Venezuela, overwhelmed with institutions that do not correspond to a free future and plagued with a political class alien to representative politics, must find an anti-revolutionary path of transformation. I refuse to accept that the best we can hope for is heaven sending us good dictators.

Hopefully, the future of Cuba and Venezuela will not be determined by history but by solid political thought. At one point in his life, Jefferson updated his intense revolutionary thinking: “We must be content with traveling to perfection, step by step. Perhaps, but Cuba and Venezuela have to use their imagination to define, in freedom, an anti-revolutionary political future.

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Santiago de Cuba City Hall: another museum dedicated to Fidel Castro

Just in the historic center of the city of Santiago de Cuba lies one of the most iconic buildings of the second most important city in the country, the former City Hall of the city, protagonist of the most important events, traditions and the lens of thousands of Cuban and foreign photographic lenses.

For several months now, an unusual movement of construction workers has been attracting attention, as well as the placement of scaffolding on the façade of the building, which gave rise to the rumor circulating in the first few days that it was a repair, as part of the new image of the Caribbean Capital.

However, to the disappointment of the santiagueros, this time the local will cease to fulfill its functions as regent of the economic, political and social life of Santiago de Cuba, to become another place of worship to the figure of the dictator Fidel Castro, as well as a tribute to the First Eastern Front.

The building that was the municipal headquarters of the People’s Power Assembly will be equipped with the latest technologies, similar to those used in the Palacio del Segundo Cabo, in Havana. The façade and the interior of the site will be remodelled.

In front of the old Town Hall is the Cathedral Basilica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, another picture of the city of Santiago, and right in the middle of both colonial buildings is the Céspedes Park, protagonist of the countless struggles of the Cuban people for their freedom, in which many Cuban dissidents and other members of civil society have carried out protests, despite having been repressed and beaten again and again.

In this sense, some santiagueros have stated that the sudden change of the Municipal Government is due to the protests carried out in its surroundings. “Opponents and people with housing problems and unfavourable situations always choose Céspedes Park to protest, because it is located in one of the busiest places, and is in front of the hotel Casa Granda, so there are many foreigners. In addition, being the Municipal Government is the best place to protest,” said a worker at the Casa de Diego Velásquez Museum, considered the oldest home in Latin America.

The Municipal Government is now nestled in Avenida Las Américas, an area of little concentration of people and that, according to Carlos, a young bricklayer who is working in the City Hall, “there the one who protests disappears and nobody finds out, that area is more grass than anything else,” he told CubaNet.

On the other hand, several historians and architects of the city denounce their dissatisfaction with the unannounced change. “How can a heritage installation change its functions from one day to the next, for whatever reason? Without revealing its identity, one of the historians of Santiago de Cuba, with more than 40 years studying the heritage of the eastern province, questioned himself.

“In any case, you have to consult with the inhabitants of the city and know their opinion about it,” added the researcher later.

Likewise, a Santiago architect, who despite his disagreement chose to remain anonymous for fear of being reprimanded for his opinions, said that “the Santiago de Cuba City Hall has always been a place of government management, and it would be a real lack of respect to change something so important in the sociopolitical life of the city, and, architecturally speaking, a jewel.

The official media, meanwhile, have kept the construction work in the Government House absolutely silent, and have not given an account of the reasons and who carries out the reconstruction work, thus maintaining the main concept of secrecy to which they are accustomed.

A young man sitting in Céspedes Park criticized the illogical relationship between the City Council and Fidel Castro: “Museo Primer Frente Oriental, now if they ate it, this building has nothing to do with the guerrilla front, much less with Fidel Castro, because, although he gave speeches from the balcony, this installation is not Fidel.

Later, the young man commented again, this time referring to a photographic gallery, with headquarters in the Palacio de Computación, also dedicated to Fidel Castro and the three eastern fronts: “Have you gone to the Joven Club de Enramadas? They put the entire lower floor dedicated to the commander, and in the back they are already building another museum for this gentleman, soon everything becomes Fidel,” he ironized.

Meanwhile, work on the building founded by Diego Velázquez in 1516 is progressing by leaps and bounds, showing, according to many, “great enthusiasm on the part of the Communist Party authorities.

“Fidel Castro made many speeches from that balcony, but that does not mean that the building can become a tribute to him, as if he had done it, in any case they would have to pay homage or dedicate an exhibition hall to the founders of the village,” suggested Claudio Santos, resident of Santiago.

Although no dates are known for the completion of the construction works of the First Eastern Front Museum, it is foreseen that they will soon be completed, and although the building will maintain its structure in the form of a ring, with galleries surrounding it, continuous balconies and wooden bars, in addition to its Spanish style doors, its initial and immutable essence throughout the five centuries of the town will be violently seized by ideological imposition and revolutionary cult.

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Nicaragua, the new springboard for Cubans to the U.S.

The situation of Cuban migrants

Some Cuban migrants stranded on the border between Mexico and the US explained that they left the Island in the direction of Nicaragua.

The exodus of Cubans seeking to reach the United States through Central America does not stop. If before Ecuador, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago were the bridges to begin the journey, now it is Nicaragua. This country facilitates the access of Cubans to the mainland.

Certainly, several Cuban migrants stranded on the border between Mexico and the United States, who revealed that they had left the island for Nicaragua.

“In addition to those from Puerto Obaldía, there are dozens who have gone directly to Nicaragua,” Yonimiler Del Río Polo, a Cuban citizen told the newspaper.

Since the Central American country relaxed the conditions for granting visas to Cubans on January 23, not a few inhabitants of the island have taken advantage of the opportunity to fly to Nicaragua. It is a springboard from where they begin their journey to the U.S. border.

“You get a round-trip ticket and four days before the flight, you go to the embassy in Havana and they give you a visa,”  told a cuban citizen in Radio Television Martí.

According to the interviewee, at the Nicaraguan Embassy in Havana they only ask routine questions:

  • “What’s he going to Nicaragua for? You mean tourism or shopping. That’s enough, the consular officer stamps the visa in your passport and to fly,” said the cuban man.

Finally, the Cuban adds that it is obligatory to buy the ticket to the Venezuelan airline Conviansa or the Colombian airline Avianca, and that although good offers can be found, the trip can cost up to 1,300 dollars.

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Was Cuba’s destiny socialism?

We cannot take for granted what we call the force of destiny, but there is something mysterious in all that which regulates future events. For example, the chaining of events, where an inevitable and unavoidable end is reached.

Let us take the island of Cuba and the factors that influence it to think that something wrong is happening in its present, in opposition not only to its most recent past, but also to its most remote past and the circumstances surrounding both known periods.

Did you know that in Cuba a submerged city was discovered that the Castro government does not want to talk about? In 2001, almost 20 years ago, a couple of Canadian scientists from Advanced Digital, in collaboration with the government of the island, discovered in the waters of western Cuba, in an area of two kilometers and about 660 meters deep, the remains of a city, buildings called rocky constructs of an urban center development.

Despite the fact that National Geographic and the Canadian company announced the great discovery in the foreign press, the Castro brothers’ dictatorship has hidden it from the Cuban people. Reasons? Fidel can no longer respond, but Raul and his successor Diaz-Canel can.

We suppose that the brother dictators were horrified when they saw very closely the great possibility that our island has been part of the North American continent, that is, that we have belonged to that continent for thousands of years.

Then there are other events that continue to attract a lot of attention and that may belong to that chain of reasons, typical of an inexorable and uncontrollable force of destiny.

It was Spain and the United States that took part in the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898, where Spain relinquished ownership of Cuba and Washington assumed – or recovered? – power over the island, as if a mysterious force of Cuban-American land decided for itself.

A few years later the same thing happened, when precisely the USSR, in October 1962, took the decision to remove the nuclear rockets from the island and reached an agreement with Washington, as if Cuba were the youngest daughter without a voice and vote, secretly opposed to Fidel Castro’s obsessive aims of destroying the United States, as the dictator said in Iran a few years before his death.

Let us also remember the establishment of a subsidiary channel between the two countries and the return to the U.S. of 1200 Cuban prisoners after the invasion of the Bay of Pigs and what today represents for the Island an exile with more than one million Cubans.

Other facts also attract attention. For example, that in 1963 Fidel spoke of a modus vivendi for communication with Washington, that plans were made for secret conversations between the dictator and the United States, and that decades later the same thing happened between Obama and Raúl Castro.

A question comes to mind: Is it true that Fidel did not like the dependence on the Soviets, to become a satellite, which on several occasions wanted to obtain normal relations with the United States, despite the opposition of Che and other leaders?

And another compelling reason: Why hasn’t the United States succeeded in liberating Cuba from the failed communism that so harms the lives of eleven million Cubans with a few simple bombs against thermoelectric plants, which would paralyze the country and put an end to its socialist offspring? Could it be that the love that vibrates in the depths of its lands, a hidden love that neither time nor the power of the depths of the waters have been able to erase, has been able to do more?

Let us imagine that instead of raising the waters, they begin to descend to the north of Cuba. If this happens, we’d travel by bicycle to Miami. What do you think?

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The Light Republic III: a Work in Progress that continues to raise the temperature

Within the framework of the eighth edition of the Research and Creation Laboratory “Traspasos Escénicos”, convened by the Instituto Superior de Arte (ISA) between 4 and 9 March, the theatre group Cuban Cofee by Portazo´s Cooperative (CCPC), better known as “El Portazo”, offered two functions of what would be the third installment of the saga entitled “La República Light”, a work in progress in which they have been working for several years and which is fundamentally based on Cuban historical memory, identity and reality.

The famous Cultural Centre “El Sauce” hosted both presentations of the project, which aims to reflect on the history of the country, starting from its deconstruction, shedding light on its hidden areas and mixing a wide variety of scenic, visual and linguistic resources. The parody, the pastiche and the political satire go beyond the mere complaint or the denunciation to deepen in the daily life that crosses the Island, paying attention to the immediate events, the generational interests and even rumors that not because they are, they stop enclosing a possible truth.

The cheerful convoy of whores and anti-heroes, the extemporaneous militia and the irreverent pioneer who resists the doctrine gave life to a particularly crude script by director Pedro Franco and actress María Laura Germán, threaded on texts written by various authors, from Leonor Pérez and Cuban playwright Norge Espinosa, to Rubén Martínez Villena and Williams Quintana, one of the actors in “El Portazo”.

From laughter to tears of the soul, two hours passed of the best cabaret dressed with tenths, monologues brimming with lucidity and spicy humor, tributes to the bufo theater, emoticons and hashtags, all possible languages according to each topic that worries Cubans. Gender violence; the appropriation of patriotic symbols; the challenge of being young in these times; the weight of duty; as well as the danger posed by apologies are some of the delirious focuses in the work of Pedro Franco.

On stage the feminine goes beyond the biological condition to personify primordial concepts generically associated: the homeland, freedom, the flag, morality, the family. Hence the insistence on placing the national flag on a body that looks like a woman, proposing a double discourse on violence and gender identity that extends to an accumulation of values equally trampled underfoot by the tyrannical male.

There are moving passages that touch very sensitive fibers in Cubans and transcend the problematic assistance of emigration. This Republic that has nothing light, but illuminates very well what we are, focuses its interest on what has been lost through the paths of fear, censorship and oblivion.

The figure of the hero reappears, that decisive factor in the struggle of the peoples and which in our context seems reduced to dead letter. Thrown from its pedestal, lined with the most scandalous kitsch, the paradigm stands before its epitaph and upon the memory of others before it.

Democratically, the public is invited to vote for the hero of their choice. There are three options: Mella, Villena and Guiteras; just names in a book, although at the time they took the reins of history to die for social justice, equality, decency. Why would young Cubans die today? For the snitches, hypocrites, opportunists, thieves, corrupt guayabera; for the children and grandchildren of tropical maharajas who live in waste, while the children and grandchildren of ordinary people risk their lives on dangerous routes in search of prospects.

In order to dose the brutality of the message, there was no lack of intermediates of debauchery and enjoyment, because that is what the Cuban Coffee by Portazo´s Cooperative is all about, “where the fight is made into an art”. From pain to choteo and vice versa, which in Cuba cannot be otherwise, or it would burst our hearts in the chest.

Work in Progress was enriched by recent events and the circumstances surrounding them. Referendum, egalitarian marriage and the worsening economic situation were approached from an acid parody that, at times, bordered on self-flagellation; perhaps the only way the director found to make sense of what has no head or foot.

Once again we have to thank the actors for their dedication, the careful revision of the history of Cuban theatre and the hailstorm of signifiers that hammer the brain to provoke a real, physical pain, born of the indignation of looking at ourselves and discovering that we are a little less than we thought. Fortunately there is a theatre like the CCPC, dedicated to collecting each fragment of our identity to recompose it daily with laughter and tears. A theatre determined to grow the roots that apostates want to cut.

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What are the most used cell phones in Cuba?

What are the most used cell phones in Cuba

The three most used phones in Cuba

We would like to inform your about the three most used phones in Cuba: Alcatel Onetouch Pixi 3, Huawei Y3, Blu Studio X8.

Of these three models, two are commercialized by ETECSA: the Huawei and the Alcatel. The Blu, the Cubans have acquired it in the black market, through their own account, or have imported it from abroad.

It is common to find three low-end smartphones among the most widely used, as for many Cubans this range responds to their needs.

The subject gave rise to visitors talking about the impossibility in Cuba of acquiring a good terminal that is in line with the demands of the state monopoly ETECSA, who “recommend” a cell phone with good features and the possibility of connecting to the 3G network.

In the complete list of the 77 smartphones most registered in the ETECSA network, only 12 are marketed by the state monopoly, and most are very low-end phones.

Almost all mobile phones are branded Blu, followed by LG, Samsung and Alcatel.

The publication also revealed which phones most access the network of networks by its Android operating system. According to StartCounter, the well-known website for traffic analysis, the Android operating system that most accesses the Internet in Cuba is Android 6 Marshmallow, followed by Android 7 and Android 8.

“The low range is what, on average, the Cuban can afford. The majority of cell phones are donations from relatives abroad. The domestic market, without specifying colors, is not the one that has the greatest relevance in terms of sales of cell phones,” said an Internet user who was identified as glassesh2003. To whom another replied on the same website:

“…we should not make a storm in a glass of water, let us enjoy the moment we are living, and let us not be strong and unfair when it comes to criticising, because at the end of the day our wine, even if it is bitter, is our wine.”

In the 3rd and 70’s market, located in the capital city of Playa, where there is a branch of Samsung, open to the public since 2017, the Samsung Galaxy S9 cell phone is exhibited, however, not that one, the Samsung Galaxy S7 that is for sale, a not so modern model, has a value of more than one thousand dollars, a price impossible to pay for the pockets of the Cuban on foot.

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New attacks on independent journalists reported in Cuba

New attacks on independent journalists reported in Cuba

Report of the Freedom of the Press Foundation

The Freedom of the Press Foundation denounced the occurrence of aggressions against at least seven independent journalists during the month of February in Cuba.

Important aggressions

First of all, we proceed to list some of the testimonies:

1. Oscar Padilla Suárez

Place of residence: Ciudad de Camagüey.

Journalist of Network of Community Journalists.

Date of Incident: February 6.

Facts: Arrested on the public highway by a second lieutenant and an agent, both of the National Revolutionary Police (PNR).

2. Roberto de Jesús Quiñones Aces

Place of residence: Guantánamo.

Journalist of CubaNet Project (Miami).

Date of Incident: February 10.

Facts: Arrested at the exit of the city of Guantánamo by agents of the PNR and the Political Police.

3. Lázaro Yuri Roca Valley

Place of residence: Havana.

Journalist: FreeLancer.

Date of incident: 19 February.

Facts: Similar to other cases, he was “Visited” at your home, in the morning hours, by Political Police officers.

4. Yunior Berges González

Place of residence: Bayamo (Granma).

Journalist of Collaborator of the CubaNet Project.

Date of incident: 19 and 23 March.

Facts: In the establishment where his mother works, an individual who arrived at the place began to offend him.

5. Roberto Rodríguez Cardona

Place of residence: Bayamo (Granma).

Journalist of CubaNet Project.

Date of incident: 21 March.

Facts: The major of the Political Police, showed up at the journalist’s house in the afternoon to warn him that his actions were pending.

6. Niober Garcia Fournier

Place of residence: Guantánamo (Guantánamo).

Journalist of Agency Hablemos Press.

Date of incident: 22 March.

Facts: Quoted from the Provincial Operations Unit for Crimes against State Security of Guantánamo.

7. Henry Constantin Ferreiro

Place of residence: City of Camagüey, province of Camagüey.

Journalist of Revista La Hora de Cuba, IAPA Regional Representative.

Date of incident: 17 March.

Facts: The journalist’s father, Héctor Constantín, was momentarily arrested by two political police officers stationed on the corner of his house.

Finally, Cuba can assure that there are a lot of journalist victims of police harassment. For this reason, they are living a difficult situation.

Other cases

Although these are the documented cases, it is not ruled out that there may be others.

Also, The APLP would also like to point out that there is a list of journalists prohibited by State Security from leaving the country.

Consequently, the APLP also wishes to point out that there is no freedom of the press or opinion in Cuba. Moreover, The Communist Party owns all media and the Ideological Department of its Central Committee regulates all press activity.

To sum up, in Cuba there are too many aggressions that must be resolved.

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Cuban doctors abroad ask Trump to restore Parole program

Thousands of health professionals who have left Cuba’s medical missions in third countries join together to send a message to U.S. President Donald Trump and ask him to reinstate the Cuban Medical Professional Parole (CMPP) visa program, which has been eliminated since January 2017.

This program, annulled by former President Barack Obama, made it possible for doctors who abandoned the island’s health programs in different Latin American countries to be admitted to the United States. This benefit was removed along with the “Dry Feet, Wet Feet” policy, which granted privileges to Cuban immigrants who managed to reach U.S. territory.

Through a video published on YouTube, the doctors explain why it is necessary to reactivate this program, and in the images many allege the reasons why they abandoned Cuba’s health missions, an important economic source for the Havana regime, but also a modern exploitation mechanism.

At the beginning of the communiqué, Dr. Alejandro Rodriguez Martinez stated that Antillean Galenos were “but we will never again be treated as cheap labor,” in reference to the low salaries the Cuban government paid them for their services, mostly in hard-to-reach communities. Professionals only received 30% of the amount agreed upon by the country with Cuba, the rest went to state coffers, supposedly to maintain the deplorable public health system on the island and other needs.

The specialist in General Integral Medicine, Dr. Alain Michel Ramírez, refers that they were used as exchange currency by the regime of Cuba and Venezuela, while Dr. Lizandra Carrarero Alarcón fights for PAROLE “because I have my own decision, because I choose my life and my future and not what a puppet sitting in his office says”.

These doctors, considered “traitors of the Homeland” by the Communist Island, are sanctioned with the prohibition of entry to Cuba for eight years, an arbitrary measure and a violation of the most elementary human rights. Despite this inhumane disposition, many have decided to break the chains and have taken refuge in various Latin American nations, with the desire to touch U.S. land at some point.

Previously, Cuban doctors living abroad had sent letters, with the same complaint, to U.S. Senators Marco Rubio and Bob Menéndez, who have asked the State Department to restore this parole program and downgrade the island’s rating in the report on human trafficking that the agency compiles each year, after details of the participation of Cuban professionals in the More Doctors in Brazil program were revealed.

Last December, nearly 2.000 doctors decided to stay in the South American giant after Cuba unilaterally withdrew from its health agreement, not agreeing to the requests of the new president of that nation, Jair Bolsonaro. There are also thousands of them, scattered throughout other countries of the continent and who find themselves in precarious economic conditions, since many of them do not have legal status or work permits.

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