Escambray and Sierra Maestra

Cuba, much more than beaches!

Cuba is known for its beaches. However, the island is also a beautiful destination for mountain lovers. For this reason, in this article we want to talk you about two specific mountains: Escambray and Sierra Maestra.

Discovering Escambray

This place has three important sites of Cuban nature with a high degree of biological diversity: the “Topes de Collantes”, the “Valle de los Ingenios” and the Caguanes National Park. This territory is declared a Protected Natural Landscape, a World Heritage Site and a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.

  • The “Topes de Collante” is a forest formation where you can find lionas, epiphytes, mosses, lichens, orchids, and arborescent ferns. Also, there are waterfalls and rivers, green landscapes and a healthy environment.
  • The “Valle de los Ingenios” offers fertile lands between the mountains of Trinidad and Sancti SpĂ­ritus bathed by the Agabama River. One of the most important buildings is the Iznaga Tower.
  • The Caguanes National Park is located in the north of Yaguajay. It offers unique stone formations in Cuba, coastal cliffs, abrasive natural arches, bird species and vegetation.

Discovering Sierra Maestra

This impressive mountain range extends along the entire southern coast of eastern Cuba, and measures about 30 miles at its widest, from north to south.

The territory has a great variety of flora and fauna. Certainly, there are few mammals, the mountains are full of reptiles, amphibians and a large number of tropical birds.

It is important to keep in mind that some parts of the mountains are sometimes closed due to rockfalls or dangerous trails. The main path begins at the Alto de Naranjo viewpoint and from there you can try to climb the Turquino Peak, a strenuous hike to the highest peak in Cuba.

We recommend you to go well equipped: walking boots; sunscreen; sweater for the highest altitudes; and waterproof for high humidity and frequent rains.

Finally, also, you can visit “El Cobre“, the main attraction of this imposing basilica located in the surroundings of the Sierra Maestra. It is the statue of the Virgin Mary, with diamonds, emeralds and rubies, which is the subject of pilgrimages of Cubans. On the other hand, you can visit the “Parque Nacional Baconao“, an extensive biosphere reserve that covers more than 200 thousand acres.

It is a fact that Cuba has more than beaches. The country has beautiful places like Escambray and Sierra Maestra to visit and enjoy a pleasant holiday.

If after reading this article you have decided to undertake a trip to Cuba, do not forget to request a Cuba tourist card. The visa is necessary to enter the country.

Apply for Cuba E-Visa